Modalities of Interwar Globalisation: Internationalism and Indigenization among East Asian Marxists, Christians, and Buddhists, 1919-45
The rise of economic nationalism during the Great Depression led scholars to pronounce the 1930s to be the end of globalisation that had started in the 19th century. However, if we look at the social movements of the interwar period, we will see unprecedented transnational circulation of ideas and people. Their aspirations transcended nation and were truly global. In the context of global consciousness and increasingly globalized political and religious activism of the interwar world, communist, Protestant Christian, and Buddhist movements mediated conflicting visions of modernity but had structural similarities. All three movements espoused universalist ideology, strove to create a new man, had a transnational organization, and created local organisations. Intellectual leaders of these movements competed for the allegiance of and mobilized the “masses” into international kinship of various registers. How did various global ideologies of internationalism worked in various local social organizations and settings and national discourses in East Asia and among East Asian communities overseas?
The conference will take place in Hannover at Schloss Herrenhausen, on 13-15 July, 2016, and is kindly supported by Volkswagen Foundation.